Ali Bapir Resume
Praise be to Allah. We seek refuge in Allah from the evils within ourselves and from our heinous deeds. Whomsoever is guided by Allah, none can make him go astray, and whomever He lets go astray, none can guide. I bear witness that there is no God but only Allah; the one with no partner. I testify that Prophet Muhammad, PBHU, is His servant and His Messenger.
“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]”. [Ali Imran: 102]
“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer”. [An-Nisaa: 1]
“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Al-Ahzaab: 70-71]
The truest words are in the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is that of Muhammad, PBUH. The worst of things are those that are newly invented; all newly-invented things are innovations and every innovation leads us astray, and every instance of going astray leads us nearer to the Fire.
I find it worthwhile for me to write a synopsis of my biography to enable readers to know more about my work, activities, intellectual findings, events, and the milestones in my life.
Moreover, it is apparent that my work is, in itself, a review of my whole life. My life has been about striving for an exemplary commitment to Allah, and offering recognition of the many blessings that He has bestowed upon me.
It is obvious that this book, which is translated into three languages (Kurdish, Arabic, and English), is limited to the highlights in terms of my actions, activities, and the events and milestones that have punctuated my life. It does not go into the minute details of my life, which can be found in my other book, Milestones of my early life, of which Volume I, dealing with my life from 1961 to 1991, has so far been published.
I wish to highlight a few points that were not referenced in the conclusion of that work:
1- I have traveled a great deal, both inside and outside my own country, for various political, private, or social reasons. For example, I have traveled extensively many times to Iran, Jordan and Turkey.
2- In addition to courses, seminars and lectures that I have referred to in my other works, I have delivered dozens of speeches and intellectual, political, and social lectures in numerous settings to both public and private gatherings. I reference some transcripts of these lectures in this book, while others are referenced in a variety of printed books and booklets, the majority of which are referenced in the series “Current Topics”.
3- I attempted on many occasions throughout my life to initiate reforms and fill in the gaps in political and social fields that were prevalent in many areas of Kurdistan. Some of my goals were achieved in full, some were partially achieved, but, regrettably, some of my efforts were in vain.
4- I have undertaken hundreds of social and political visits and have welcomed numerous political, organizational, and social delegates, both Iraqi nationals and foreigners, from the various strata of society. To avoid any sense of over emphasis on my own ego, I have not followed my usual approach of using direct speech.
13 Raby’ al-Thaany 1439 A.H.
31 December 2017 A.D.
1- Birth and Childhood
Shaikh Ali Bapir comes from the Mirawdale tribe on his father’s side, and is a descendant of Fiqi Ahmad Darshmana. His father’s full name is Ali Bapir Watman Mamagha Watman Watman Ahmad Hamad Agha Bir Budagh Mirawdale Fiqi Ahmad Darshmana, who, of course, is also from the Mirawdale tribe. Ali Bapir’s grandmother came from the Wastkhala tribe. His mother’s family name is Mart Wusso Braiem Guran and she was a member of the Guran tribe, while his grandfather, Bass, is from the Mangur tribe.
Shaikh Ali was born in the summer of 1961 in Kanjara Village, in Sangsar, in the Pshdar District of the Sulaymaniyah Governorate. He spent the first five years of his childhood in Kanjara, then moved to Bastistin before beginning school.
2- Early Years
The Shaikh enrolled in primary school in 1967 in Sangsar and passed the first grade, before moving with his family from Bastistin to Kurdit Ali in Saruchawa, and then to Ranya. Despite moving from one village to another, and passing the second grade in his aunt›s house in Chuar Qurna as the first in his class, he was deprived of similar success in 1968 because his papers were not sent from his old school in Sangsar to his new school in Chuar Qurna. Hence, he had to study for the second grade again in Ranya in 1969. He completed the sixth grade in 1973, where he proved to be the most brilliant student in any of the primary stages.
3- Post Primary Years
In 1974, in Ranya, the Shaikh completed his first year at the Institute of Islamic Studies and ranked first in his class. In 1975, because of the failure of the Aylul revolts, the Shaikh was again prevented from completing his studies. However, in 1976, the Shaikh was admitted to the Institute of Islamic Studies in As Sulaymaniyah where he studied until 1980 when he completed the sixth stage of Islamic Studies, achieving a grade of 90%.
In 1980-1981, the Shaikh joined the Faculty of Fiqh in Najaf City, but could have joined other faculties, such as the Faculty of Sharia or Arts. He specifically chose to join the Faculty of Fiqh to further his knowledge and understanding of Shiism.
Throughout the period of his studies the Shaikh continued to help his father during his summer vacations in farming and other kinds of work to support his family. In addition, he undertook paid employment on Thursdays and Fridays to help his family defray the expense of his studies. He also saved part of his earnings to buy books. He had become an avid and passionate reader since first grade and has retained his enthusiasm for reading throughout his life.
Shaikh Bapir began to pray from the fourth grade at primary school onwards and began to fast for either part or the whole month of Ramadan when he was six years old. After the Shaikh began to study at the Islamic Institute, and met other Shaikhs and Scholars, he became even more serious and dedicated in his obedience and submission to Allah. It was at about this time that the Shaikh began to guide his household, relatives, parents, brothers, and his neighbors, friends and companions at school in their observance of their faith.
7- Intellectual and Spiritual Development
When the Shaikh moved to As Sulaymaniyah to complete his secondary studies in the Islamic Institution, he was profoundly affected by the prevailing political and intellectual conditions he encountered there. As the conflict intensified between Islamists, Marxists and Communists, his intellectual and spiritual talents developed and he began to immerse himself in the world of reading and meditation.
The Shaikh, however, was fond of dialogue and discussions, and his involvement and debate with others greatly affected his interest in faith and its spiritual aspects, including acts of worship, such as prayers and fasting, and the centrality of Allah and the Quran. He read books about self-affirmation and piety, ethics, and behavior, such as Revival of Islamic Sciences, written by Shaikh Abi Hamid al-Ghazali, Interpretation of the Rulings by Ibn Ajeebah, and The Message by al-Qusheri, among many others. The Shaikh memorized the Quran in 1980 after passing the sixth preparatory grade.
8- Removal to Iran Kurdistan
In 1981, the Shaikh was admitted into the Faculty of Fiqh in Najaf, where he completed the first year. He wished to complete the second year but a friend, Subaih Ilias “Abu Jihad” who now lives in Baghdad, warned him that the Ba›athists had decided to arrest him. Therefore, he moved from Najaf back to Ranya, where Mukhtar al-Mahalla warned him that he was wanted by the security forces, who intended to track and arrest him.
After hiding for several days, the Shaikh moved on to the village of Bardarash, near to the Iranian Kurdish cities of Sardasht and Baneh. He stayed here for six months. While there, he continued his studies in the Shaikh Mohammad Aziz Bardarashi School, where he learnt Farsi and enhanced his intellectual and spiritual skills, besides calling to Allah and entering into discussions with other Scholars, students, and people in general.
During that period, the Shaikh also had discussions and debates with members of Secular Kurdish Parties in Iranian Kurdistan. Later, those discussions became the nucleus of three books: Proving that Allah does exist, National Passion, and Social Justice. While in Iran, he frequently, though secretly, returned to Iraqi Kurdistan, where he had intellectual discussions with a number of Kurdish Marxist Cadres. Two of those discussions became the nucleus of two further books: Islam is Islam, not entirely applicable, or ideal and Islam is an alarm, but not an analgesic. All these books listed above books subsequently became chapters in the book, Conflicts between Islam and Other Ideologies, except for National Passion, which became a separate book, and Social Justice, which remained in draft form.
After Shaikh Ali Bapir had stayed for six months in Iranian Kurdistan, he moved to Iran’s capital, Tehran, hoping to complete his university studies. However, his efforts were in vain, and he returned to Iraqi Kurdistan six months later. Through the mediation of some friends and acquaintances, the regime temporarily suspended his arrest warrant and, finally, he passed the exam of the Erbil Directorate of Endowments with a final grade of “very good” on May 14, 1983. Later, the Shaikh was officially appointed an Imam of the Noursi Mosque in Ranya Province and he benefited from the mandate system, which exempted him from military service.
10- First Book
In 1983, Ali Bapir wrote his first book titled Abstract of Islam, which was printed in Baghdad in 1984.
11- Iran and the Islamic Association Movement
In the same year, he was made a representative of the Islamic Association Movement, which at that time was a secret organization, and travelled through Marivan in order to visit Shaikh Abdul Qadir Sutkah Ye, then the vice president of the Islamic Army Group. Shaikh Abdul Qadir lived in Karaj following the disarmament of the Group by the National Kurdish Army. The reason for that visit was to offer condolences on the death of the Shaikh’s son on behalf of the National Federation, in addition to taking the opportunity for consultation and discussions on how to proceed.
12- First Marriage
The Shaikh married his first wife, the late Rojsar Ibrahim Mamaga, may Allah forgive her, in January 1984. A month later, he and his wife moved from Ranya to Sarsian for security reasons.
The Shaikh lived in Sarsian for two years, during which time several attempts were made to arrest him.
Consequently, he moved to Kalu at the end of 1985, where he became the Imam of the village and lived there for the next two years. While there, the Baathist Regime once again tried to arrest him on several occasions, and forced the local authorities to seek his arrest.
The Shaikh and his family had to go into hiding for several months in 1987. He moved, along with a group of his students and companions, to the border region between Iraq and Iran and established a military unit called the “Hamza Force” as part of the formations of the Islamic Movement in Iraqi Kurdistan. They founded a military base in Qlatokan, and this is where Ali Bapir and his followers settled with their families.
Before going into details about the Shaikh, the Mountain Struggle and Jihad, it is important to mention six key points about the life of the Shaikh during the preceding years:
1) Shaikh Abdul Rahman Lotari and Hajj Agha, may Allah have mercy on their souls, helped the Shaikh to settle in Sarsian, with the collaboration of the sons of Hajj Agha, Hussein and Abbas, who helped protect the Shaikh after the death of their father.
2) The first daughter of the Shaikh, Besoz, was born in late 1984 in Sarsian. In the same year, the Shaikh wrote his first book, Abstract of Islam, of which 3,000 copies were printed.
3) The Shaikh wrote his second book, Conflict between Islam and other ideologies, in 1985. That book asked many questions and raised many key issues. All 5,000 copies of this book were sold primarily because it criticized Marxism at a time when Marxism was at the height of its popularity.
4) Shaikh Mulla Sayed Sulaiman, Khal Ahmad Rash Almakhozbini, may Allah have mercy on their souls, Hajj Hamah Agha and Abbas Baize Balougha all helped the Shaikh settle in Kalu.
5) The second daughter of the Shaikh, Bairouzah, was born in 1986 in Kalu, while the third child of the Shaikh, a son called Mohammad, was born in 1987 when the Shaikh and his wife were in hiding. The wife of the Shaikh, Mrs Rojsar, gave birth to her son in the house of the father of Shaikh Hassan Babikr in Boussekine, where she was hiding 3000 copies of her husband’s book.
6) In 1987, the Shaikh’s third book, The Significance of the mentioning of Allah in man’s life, was published in Baghdad.
14- Armed Struggles
Around the time of the birth of his third child, the Shaikh settled in Qlatokan, in the Qandil Mountains, for almost a year where, in addition to being a military leader of the Hamza Force, he undertook many other activities. For example, in 1987 the Shaikh participated as a member in the delegate of the Islamic Movement in the negotiations with the three parties of Kurdistan, the main power at that time, which were:
the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan in Guze, the Socialist Party in Kavelan, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party in Razhan.
He undertook a number of visits and tours, the most significant of which was one that lasted a full month in the winter of 1987 with a group of Peshmerga Mujahideen. That tour was described in detail in a booklet titled, A tour in the embrace of motherland. The book was edited by Sharif Warzir and Mohammad Zarzi. This tour involved several public meetings, speeches, lectures, debates and meetings with political figures, including:
- A) Mr Bahauddin Nuri, the former secretary of the Communist Party;
- B) Shaikh Izz ad-Din al-Husseini, a prominent political figure in Irani-Kurdistan;
- C) Nawshirwan Mustafa, then the secretary of Kurdistan Toilers› Party; and
- D) Dr Fuad Masum, then a member of the Political Bureau of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, but now the President of the Republic of Iraq.
He wrote several research papers, including “The Party of Allah” and “The Patriots of Islam”, as well as episodes in the series, “Let us better know Islam”. He also recorded and published dozens of audio tapes with his interpretation of Quranic Verses, particularly on the Hijrah and Jihad.
He led his Force in what came to be known as “The Battle of “Kurdi Ramkan”, in the foothills of the Qandil Mountains, where four Peshmerga Mujahideen were martyred and several others were wounded, and many enemy soldiers and mercenaries were killed.
Following ground and air strikes carried out by the forces of the Ba’athist regime, the Mujahedeen had to evacuate Qlatokan in the foothills of the Qandil Mountains. Shaikh Ali Bapir’s group, in common with other Kurdish Parties, in late 1988 had to move to villages on the borders with Iran, such as Kuper, Bahdinau, and Khadarua. The Shaikh settled with his companions and their families in the latter village, but by the uprising of 1991 he had moved with his family from Khadarua to Dilzeh.
In 1992, he made his home in SurAshkutan, near Betwata in Ranya.
16- Time of Internal Exile
During the five years from 1987 to 1992, in addition to his daily activities and work on behalf of his group, he participated in several conferences and party meetings, supervised his headquarters and the military bases of the party. There are ten other specific points concerning this period that need to be made:
1- On June 4, 1989, Abdul Rahman, the son of the Shaikh was born in Sardasht, followed by his daughter, Fatima, who was born on October 10, 1990 in Khadarua in Iranian Kurdistan.
2- Between 1989 and 1990, the Shaikh founded the Unified Shura Council that was formed of members and leaders of several military battalions of the Islamic Movement. Its objective was to reform the internal structure of the movement.
3- At that stage, the Shaikh wrote his books: The disease and cure for the Islamic Movement; How Kurdistan was destroyed and how it can be rebuilt?; The ruling on the recourse to the tyrant regimes; What is the approach of the Prophet?; and The Path of righteousness and the Way to Allah.
4- In 1991, the Shaikh completed the Hajj for the first time accompanied by both Shaikh Mahmoud Azadi and Mulla Abu Bakr Siddiqi, journeying through Pakistan to Mecca. The journey took three months, during which time he met several officials and figures in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia as a formal delegate of the Islamic Movement. The Shaikh was a member of the Political Bureau of the Movement.
He met, amongst others, Shaikh Ibn Baz, may Allah have mercy on his soul, Shaikh Omar Abdul Rahman al-Masri, may Allah have mercy on his soul, and Burhanuddin al-Rabbani.
During his stay in Pakistan the Shaikh lectured in Arabic on the Kurdish Issue and how to address it in light of Islam. On June 15, 1991 in Peshawar, a lecture entitled, “The Kurdish Issue: its roots and ways to address it”, was published in the Al-Murabeton Magazine.
5- In 1992, the Shaikh participated in an election campaign for the first session of the Kurdish Parliament, and at that time he wrote a research paper entitled, “Addressing the Kurdish Case from the point of view of faith and parliament”. This was published later in the same year.
6- Later in 1992, at the Conference of Islamic Movement, which was held in SurAshkutan, the Shaikh came first in the voting, and was entrusted with selecting members of the Organizational Board, which had not existed prior to that point. At this stage, he wrote a research paper entitled, “Outlines of our work at this stage”.
7- Early in 1993, the Shaikh married his second wife, Shukira Ahmad Abdullah, and lived with both his wives in SurAshkutan.
8- In that same year he interpreted the text of “Al-ʿAqīdah aṭ-Ṭaḥāwiyya” in a series of 20 lessons for a course put on for a group of Mujahedeen. They were published in 2015. The lessons can be found at the following link:
9- In December, 1993 the Kurdistan National Union Forces attacked the headquarters of the Islamic Movement, resulting in a bloody clash with the Mujahedeen of the Movement who defended their headquarters. A great number of casualties were suffered on both sides but the Union Forces occupied the Movement’s headquarters. The Shaikh survived the assault, along with three other Peshmerga, with the help of loyal friends and brothers. Eventually, the Shaikh settled, along with many Mujahedeen, in the border regions of Iran Kurdistan, in Qassim Rush and Zali. There he began to organize a military unit to fight against the Union Forces on another front in Shahrizor. After months of fierce fighting between both sides, the National Union asked for a truce and submitted to the demands of the Islamic Movement, among which were the restoration of its headquarters and compensation for the physical damage done to it.
10- After the Movement was able to re-activate its activities in the cities of Kurdistan, the Shaikh held a position as a member of the Political Bureau of the Movement and the chief-in-charge of the Organizational Board charged with managing the party’s affairs until August 2000, when the first conference of the Islamic Unity Movement was held in Tawila Village. That conference radically impacted on the Shaikh’s life, and the movement in general, the details of which are discussed later.
17- Ten Vital Events and Activities (1994 to 2000)
1- Early in 1994, the Shaikh traveled to border areas and began to reorganize Islamic Movement Forces. His wives were in hiding in regions under the control of the National Union until they moved to Naqadeh, and then to Mariwan in Iranian Kurdistan. Sometime in 1995-1996 he brought his wife, Shukira, to Ahmad Awa, while his other wife, Rojsar, stayed in Mariwan.
2- The Shaikh’s son, Shady, was born on January 01, 1994 to the Shaikh’s first wife, while his daughter, Yousra, was born on April 24, 1994 to his second wife. The Shaikh’s eighth son, MullaSherif, was born in Ahmad Awa on October 25, 1995 to his second wife, his ninth son, Shwan, was born on August 01, 1997 in Erbil, and his tenth son, Ahmad, was born on June 01, 1999 in Sulaymaniyah to his second wife.
3- Throughout this period, in addition to moving a number of times and making field visits to villages and cities in Kurdistan, the Shaikh gave more nodular, intellectual and political lectures to the cadres and Mujahedeen of the Islamic Movement. He gave 50 lectures on “Islamic faith and belief” in one mosque in Halabja which are discussed below.
The Shaikh also gave Friday sermons in the Jihad Mosque in Sulaymaniyah and, later, they were recorded on audio and video cassettes. Some lectures were transcribed and printed in the form of useful pamphlets and booklets.
4- In those years, the Shaikh also wrote several more books and published further research papers, such as “Islamic Movement at a crossroads”, “Islamic Movement and Bright Prospects for the future”, “The Intellectual Approach to Islamic Work”, “The Ideal Muslim, Section I: Muslim Doctrine”, “Ideal Muslim, Section II: Muslim Devotion”, “Guidelines for Muslims in Kurdistan”, “Islam and Contemporary Issues” and “What are Islamic Scholars?”
5- In 1996, the Shaikh participated in the annual meeting held by the Welfare Party in Turkey to mark the conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmet Fatih. He was accompanied by Hassan Babikr and Hajj Dilchad Klari, as well as the late Shaikh Mohammad Sinkawi. Before this meeting, the Shaikh went with Hassan Babikr from Turkey to Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Sudan and Yemen, where he met many Islamic figures and discussed the situation relating to Kurdistan and the Islamic Current. Some of those figures were Islamic figures in Turkish Kurdistan including:
– Shaikh Othman Biarah, whom he had previously met in Baghdad in 1984;
– Mr Fathy Yakan, Prince of al-Jama›a al-Islamiyya in Lebanon;
– Mr Mohammad Hussein Fadl Allah, a Shiite figure;Shaikh Ahmad Kuftaro, Mufti of Syria;
– Mr Abdulmajeed Zanibat, the Comptroller General of Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan;
– Dr Mohammad, Sharif in Jordan;
– Dr Abdulkareem Zidane in Yemen;
– Mr Mohammad Yadomi, an official of the Yemeni Congregation for Reform in Yemen; and
– Dr Nizamuddin Abdul Hamid, brother of Dr Mohsen Abdul Hamid.
This extended trip lasted for three months.
6- The first wife of the Shaikh, Rojsar Ibrahim Mamaga, died in November 05, 1996. She was 30 years old. The Shaikh was devastated by her untimely death.
Details of her burial can be found at the following link: https://youtu.be/eOijICg1ZW4?t=2
7- In 1997, the Shaikh completed the Hajj for a second time, in response to his deceased wife’s request that he undertake the pilgrimage on her behalf.
8- The Shaikh traveled with the General Counsel of the Islamic Movement, Shaikh Ali Abdul Aziz, to Syria and Libya in 1998. Shaikh Ali held the position after his brother Shaikh Othman, may Allah have mercy on their souls, following the Movement’s Conference. They traveled through the Mediterranean, passing by the island of Malta at the request of the Libyan Government, to attend the General Meeting organized by the Libyan Government for Islamic parties, organizations, and figures from Islamic countries all over the world. The Shaikh refused to go to the meeting so as not to have to meet Muammar Gaddafi.
9- In 1999, when the Shaikh was at his home in Halabja, the Islamic Movement led by Shaikh Ali Abdul Aziz and the Islamic Renaissance Movement led by Sheikh Saddiq Abdul Aziz agreed to unite and announced the foundation of the Islamic Unity Movement that held its first conference a year later.
10- From Saffar 4, 1421 A.H. to Rabi› al-Awwal 6, 1421 A.H., corresponding to May 1, 2000 to June 8, 2000, the Shaikh gave 50 lessons, “Islamic Faith and Belief in the light of the Quran and the Sunnah”, in the Ash-Shuhada’a Mosque in Halabja. Those lessons were transcribed by Shaikh Bilal Qladzi. Upon review by the Shaikh, these lessons were later included in an encyclopedia of six volumes.
The lessons can be found at the following link:
18- Death of his Mother
The Shaikh’s mother died on February 18, 2001 and was buried in a cemetery near Khurmal, may Allah have mercy on her soul.
19- Establishment of the Kurdistan Islamic
The Unity Movement held its conference in August 2000. However, some did not accept the results of the conference, even though all participants had earlier pledged to accept the results and the supervising committee had declared the conference a success. Significant problems had emerged within the Islamic Unity Movement. Although the Shaikh and his supporters had achieved an overwhelming victory, he tried, unsuccessfully, for nine months to find a solution to these problems through dialogue, understanding, and by making concessions to those who would not accept the decisions reached at the conference. As a result, and to overcome the crisis, and related problems, the Shaikh and his supporters announced the founding of the Islamic Group in Kurdistan/Iraq on May 31, 2001. Most leaders and members of the Movement joined the Group, and it became an extension of the Jihad and struggle of the former Islamic Movement in Kurdistan.
The Shaikh was elected as an Emir of the Islamic Group in Iraqi Kurdistan.
There are four issues linked to that period that must be highlighted:
1- Before the declaration of the Islamic Group, the Shaikh wrote a brochure of 25 paragraphs entitled “Legitimate principles and the outlines of the Islamic Group” that later became the basis for the intellectual approach and which provided legitimacy for the policies of the group as decided upon by its Leaders.
2- Prior to the declaration that established the Islamic Group, and after it was found that efforts at reconciliation were rejected, the Shaikh went to the homes of both Shaikh Saddiq Abdul Aziz, Shaikh Mohammad al-Barzanji, may Allah have mercy on his soul, and Shaikh Ahmad Kaka Mahmoud, may Allah have mercy on his soul, and asked them to lead the change and help to save the day. The Shaikh also declared that he was ready to pledge allegiance to them, and that of his supporters, if they would accept the challenge. However, none of them wanted to help him.
3- After the declaration establishing the Islamic Group, and when most centers and headquarters had declared for it, all without the use of violence, the other elements within the Movement prepared for armed confrontation, intending an armed attack on the headquarters and the ambush of leaders of the Group. Thanks to the patience of the Group’s Mujahadeen, and the farsightedness of its leaders, the day was saved without recourse to bloodshed.
4- The Islamic Group became a reality on the political scene and other political parties began to establish relations and have dealings with it.
20- Interview in Kurdish
On October 6, 2002, Dr Hussein Mohammad Aziz conducted a series interviews with the Shaikh that later became a published book entitled, Do not transcend the borders.
21- Birth of Eleventh Child
The Shaikh’s daughter, Shiva, was born on October 25, 2002 in Ahmadabad and she was the eleventh of his children.
22- Invitation from the Saudi Government
In 2002, the Shaikh was invited by the Saudi Government to perform the Umrah. The Shaikh, during this, his third trip to Mecca, lasting one week, was accompanied by Shaikh Abdullah al-Qussari, may Allah have mercy on his soul, Shaikh Arram Qadir, and Shaikh Dara Mohammad Amin, members of the leadership of the Islamic Group at that time.
23- Bombing of US Army Headquarters
Coalition Troops bombed the headquarters of the Islamic Group in Hawraman on March 20/21, 2003, killing and wounding approximately 100 Mujahedeen and cadres of the Islamic Group. The area was evacuated after agreement with the Kurdistan National Union and the headquarters was moved to the Pshdar District where the Shaikh took up residence with his family, making his home in Darashmana, near Qaladiza, so as to be close enough to oversee his military forces and headquarters.
24- Arrest by US forces
The Shaikh, along with three other leaders of the Group, was arrested by US troops on July 10, 2003 on his way to the Ishtar Hotel in Dukan, following an ambush near Qamchuqa. His three colleagues were Tawfiq Karim, Dara Mohammad Amin, and Abdul Rahman San. In addition, ten guards and the brother of Abdul Rahman San were also taken. The Shaikh was on his way to a pre-arranged meeting with the Americans to discuss the situation in Iraq and the future of the Islamic Group, and relations between it and the American forces. Those arrested were transported in three Helicopters to Mosul, and then to a prison adjacent to Baghdad Airport.
The Shaikh was imprisoned for 22 months, while his companions were imprisoned for a variety of periods ranging from several days to a number of weeks, with the exception of his brother, Ibrahim Bapir, who was imprisoned for 11 months.
The details of this story are told in a book entitled, A prince behind the bars, and readers are urged to explore this intriguing, though often harrowing account of Ali Bapir’s treatment within the American prison, Camp Cropper. As this event is dealt with so fully elsewhere it is not covered here.
It is worth highlighting the fact that the Shaikh wrote an encyclopedia in Arabic during his imprisonment in Camp Cropper entitled, Islam as Reflected in the Quran, using as his only source his copy of the Quran and his own memory of its contents. The encyclopedia of eight volumes was published in 2015 and is currently being reprinted in twelve volumes.
26- Protest Demonstration and Rally, Erbil
Eleven days after his arrest on July 21, 2003, there was a demonstration in Erbil near the Khanzad Hotel, where Coalition Officials stayed. Many scholars from Erbil and Mosul led the demonstration, including Shaikh Ibrahim al-Naema.
The demonstration can be watched on the following link:
27- Protest Demonstration and Rally, Sulaymaniyah
On August 2, 2003, 31 days after the arrest of the Shaikh, a huge demonstration was held in Sulaymaniyah. Again many scholars, and people numbering in the thousands from all social strata, participated in the demand for his release.
This demonstration can be watched on the following link:
28- Demonstration, American Embassy in London
A large contingent of Kurdish refugees demonstrated on Thursday, August 7, 2003 in front of the American Embassy in London to demand the release of the Shaikh from the American prison, Camp Cropper.
29- Conference Demands
On July 12, 2004, a conference entitled “We all support the release of Shaikh Ali Bapir” was held in the Oscar Hall in Sulaymaniyah to demand the release of Shaikh Ali Bapir. The Imam of the Islamic Group, Shaikh Mohammad al-Barzanji, attended and representatives of Kurdistan Parties, Government Institutions, tribal leaders, authors, scholars, lawyers and journalists all voiced their support for Ali Bapir’s release.
This conference can be watched following this link:
30- The holding of two conferences to support his release from prison, in the cities of Erbil and Kirkuk.
In each of the cities of Erbil and Kirkuk, two conferences were held to support his release, and Sheikh Mohammed Barzinji the then spritual leader of Islamic Group – on the days 10th and 11th June 2004.
31- Prison Release
The Shaikh spent 659 days in prison, and was released on April 28, 2005 when Allah willed it. A crowd of thousands greeted the Shaikh with enthusiasm along the road between Kirkuk and Sulaymaniyah to the village of Jamin. Festivals were subsequently organized to welcome the Shaikh in Halabja, Bataween Hill, and Hanara, near Erbil, attended by cadres, members and supporters of the Islamic Group in those regions.
You can watch the crowds welcoming the Shaikh on the following link:
The Shaikh was released thanks to Almighty Allah, after the efforts of the leaders, supporters and members of the Islamic Group who organized two mass demonstrations in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah. Several political parties and Kurdish figures, especially Mr Mam Jalal, the former President, and Mr Massoud al-Barzani, the former President of Iraqi Kurdistan, among others who are mentioned in the book A prince behind the bars, worked tirelessly for the release of the Shaikh.
32- Interview of Nine Episodes
After his release, journalist Hawasin Omar conducted interviews in the period June 13, 2005 to July 10, 2005 with the Shaikh on the subject of his detention by the Americans, which later became the book, referred to above, A prince behind the bars. The book was translated into Arabic and Persian, and has been printed many times. The English translation is pending and will be available shortly.
The interviews can be watched on the following link:
33- A Course and Lecturing
The Shaikh led a course in the Erbil Center, “Islam and Religion in light of the Quran and the Sunnah”, which comprised six lessons. Later, three lectures were added. The course ran from August 6, 2005 to August 8, 2005. The lectures were printed in a book with the same title in 2006.
The course can be watched on the following link:
34- First Conference of the Islamic Group
The Shaikh was unanimously re-elected as an Emir of the Islamic Group in its first conference, held on November 12, 2005.
The conference can be watched on the following link:
35- Mass Demonstration in Erbil
Ali Bapir participated in a mass demonstration in Erbil to defend the Messenger of Allah and to denounce the insult of the Messenger of Allah, May be Peace upon Him, on February 14, 2006. During the demonstration, he gave a speech to thousands of people. The Islamic Group had all the required approvals from the competent authorities to hold this demonstration.
The Shaikh’s speech can be viewed on the following link:
36- First Interview following Prison Release
The Al-Arabiya Channel, and Arabic TV channel, interviewed the Shaikh on its talk show, “Interview with a guest”, on February 24, 2006 in Amman. The interviewer was Mr. Saad al-Silawi and the interview concentrated on a number of topics related to the period of the Shaikh’s imprisonment in Camp Cropper. The interview was later printed in a brochure entitled, “Interview with a guest”.
The interview can be found at the following link:
37- Birth of Twelfth and Thirteenth Children
On June 26, 2006, the Shaikh’s wife gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, named Chaqar and Chayyan, the twelfth and thirteenth of his children.
38- The Al-Alam News Network interviewed the Shaikh on the TV program, “A special meeting”
The Al-Alam News Network interviewed the Shaikh on the TV program, “A special meeting”, in Erbil on July 6, 2006. The interviewer was Mr. Ayoub Rida and the matters dealt with were similar to those covered in the interview with the Al-Arabiya Channel. The interview was later printed and published as a brochure.
The interview can be watched on the following link:
39- Traveling to Britain
In 2006, the Shaikh traveled with Shaikh Mohammad Hakim and Shaikh Taha Dahir to the United Kingdom. He stayed for one month, and while there held several meetings with the Kurdish Community in various British cities. One meeting, held on September 2, 2006 in London, in the KCC Hall, was called “The Kurdish Community and its duties in the diaspora”. The speech the Shaikh made at this meeting was later printed among those given at other similar meetings in a booklet entitled, “The Kurdish Community and its duties in the diaspora”. The Shaikh also met with officials from the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Islamic leaders, including:
1- Shaikh Rashid Ghannouchi, the General Secretary of the Al-Nahda Movement in Tunisia;
2- Mr. Ali Bayanouni, Comptroller General of the Muslim Brotherhood in Syria; and
3- Dr Kamal al-Helbawi.
The two speeches referred to can be watched on the following link:
40- Meeting in Mecca
Upon returning from the United Kingdom, the Shaikh received an official invitation from the Islamic Conference Organization in Ramadan to travel to Mecca from Baghdad. The Shaikh participated in a meeting that was held on the 27th night of Ramadan, in the presence of several Sunni and Shia figures and scholars, to sign the Charter of Mecca, the objective of which was to put an end to the sectarian fighting in Iraq. The Shaikh was the first to sign the Charter.
41- Hajj for the Third Time
The Shaikh completed the Hajj for the third time in 2006 in honor of his late mother. On this occasion, the Shaikh accompanied his father and his wives, Asmar and Shukira, and Mulla Mohammad Razi, may Allah have mercy on his soul and Shaikh Mulla Marwan Klalli.
42- Conference for the Advocacy of Palestinians
In 2007, Shaikh Ali Bapir participated, along with a delegation of the Islamic Group, in a conference advocating the rights of Palestinians. This was held in Tehran, where he met with Khalid Masha’l, Head of the Political Bureau of Hamas, Qadhi Hussein, Emir of the Pakistan Islamic Group and other Islamic figures.
43- Interpretation of the Holy Quran
In Erbil, on Ramadan 1st, 1429, corresponding to September 13, 2007, the Shaikh gave lectures on his Interpretation of the Holy Quran, beginning with Al-Fatiha.
The whole interpretation can be downloaded from the following link:
44- Turkey Delegation
The Shaikh traveled in the delegation of Kurdistan Parties to Turkey on November 10, 2007 and held meetings with officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including the Advisor to the Prime Minister at that time, Dr Ahmad Dawood Oglu, the representatives of the Justice and Development Party, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Mr. Agman Baghesh. The purpose of the visit was to help end the ongoing skirmishes on the borders between Turkey and Kurdish controlled areas.
The delegation included representatives of the Democratic Party, Ezz al-Din Berwari, the National Union, Arslan Baez, the Islamic Union, Salah al-Din Mohammad and the Socialist Party, Mohammad Haj Mahmoud.
45- Traveling to Iran
On December 7, 2007, Shaikh Ali Bapir headed the delegation of the Kurdistan Parties to Iran tasked with strengthening relations between the territory and Iran. The delegation was welcomed by Hashemi Rafsanjani, Manouchehr Mottaki, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Saeed Jalili, Head of the Iranian National Security Council, Qasem Soleimani, Commander of Quds Force, and other officials. The results of the visit were very positive. The delegation was similar to the previous one, except for Ezz al-Din Berwari, who was replaced by Mohammad Mulla Qadir, and the representative of the Kurdistan Toilers› Party, Qadir Aziz.
46- Tanbih TV Program
From December 27, 2008 to April 22, 2011, Shaikh Bapir presented a weekly TV Program of 80 episodes titled “Islam and the State” on Payame TV. Part of the series was with Omar Qulbi and the other part with Hawasin Umar. Most of the episodes were live and all were printed in an encyclopedia of four volumes.
All the episodes can be found following the link:
47- Festival of Support, Gaza
Out of sympathy with Muslims in Gaza, and to condemn the brutal assaults of Zionists, the Islamic Group and the Islamic Union organized a festival in the High City Hall in Erbil on January 5, 2009. The General Secretary of the Islamic Union and the Emir of the Islamic Group gave speeches.
The festival can be watched on the following link:
48- Third Marriage
On December 28, 2009, the Shaikh married his third wife, Binhurt Mohammad Hassan in Sulaymaniyah.
49- Lecture on Life of the Prophet (PBUH)
In the same year, 2009, the Shaikh gave 52 lectures entitled, “Abstracts and lessons from the Biography of the Prophet” in the Erbil Center. These lessons were later printed in a book of the same name.
The link for all the lectures is:
50- Candidature for the Council of Representatives of Iraq
The Shaikh ran in the elections for the Council of Representatives of Iraq as a representative of the Islamic Group in Erbil on March 7, 2010. He won 60,000 votes, the highest number cast for any candidate.
On May 17, 2010, the Shaikh began weekly lessons titled, “Interpretation of Sharia Assets and General Outline of the Islamic Community” in the Emir’s Office in Erbil. The Shaikh gave 16 lessons in total, up to August 25, 2010. Those lessons were published in 36 episodes in the weekly newspaper al-Jamaa, and, later, combined into a book under the same title.
The link for all the lessons is:
52- Second Conference of the Islamic Group
The second conference of the Islamic Group was held on July 15, 2010. The Shaikh was re-elected as an Emir, despite having repeatedly indicated his wish to relinquish his responsibility as an Emir in order to concentrate on serving his people as a member of the Iraqi Parliament.
The conference can be watched on the following link:
53- Invitation to Diyarbakır-Amid, Turkey
In the same period, the Shaikh was invited, and accepted, on two occasions to visit Diyarbakır-Amid in Turkey by civil organizations and prominent figures. The first was on July 23, 2010, when the Shaikh was invited, along with Hassan Babikr, Arram Qadir and Anwar Sabbah, and gave a speech on how to address Kurdish Issues. The second was on April 17, 2011, where the Shaikh gave a speech about Mr. Said Noursi. The Shaikh was accompanied on this visit by Shaikh Nazim Abdullah, Ibrahim Mohammad Aziz and Haidar Muzfir.
The text of the speech of the Shaikh on Mr. Mulla Said Noursi can be read on the following link:
54- Interview of Six Episodes
Dr Azzam al-Tamimi interviewed the Shaikh between October 4 and October 5, 2011. The interview was split into six parts. It was the first comprehensive interview in Arabic that Shaikh Ali Bapir had given.
The link to the six sections of the interview can be found following the link on YouTube:
55- Offering a Road Map: Crisis in the Iraqi Parliament
“The Crisis of Iraq and the Way Out” was discussed in a press conference in the Iraqi Parliament and called to enable participants to voice their opinions.13 factors were identified as contributing to the Iraqi crises and suggestions were offered as to how they might be resolved.
56- Cambodia and Malaysia
In 2011, the Shaikh participated, with Mr. Dara Mohammad Amin, Umar Abdulaziz and Najeeb Abdullah of the Islamic Union, in the Asian Parliamentarians Conference held in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. The Shaikh gave a speech at the conference. The delegation also visited the capital of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, where they held meetings with prominent figures.
In 2012, the Shaikh traveled with his wife, Shukria Ahmad, and his daughter, Bairouzah, to Germany for treatment. They were accompanied by Shaikh Abdulsattar Majid. The Shaikh also visited France and the Netherlands.
In Berlin, the Shaikh wrote the ninth and final chapter of his book, The Way of Righteousness and the Way to Allah (5th edition). The Shaikh held several seminars in various German cities; the most significant was the seminar held in Berlin on February 23, 2012, entitled “Our duties in the territory, Iraq and the diaspora”.
58- Death of his Father
On March 28, 2012, the Shaikh’s father, born in 1927, died in Ranya. He was 85 years old. He was buried in a cemetery in Ranya.
May Allah Almighty have mercy on his soul.
59- Conference Speech, Beirut
The Shaikh wrote a speech that he intended to give at a conference held in Quds Center for Political Studies in Beirut on December 18, 2012, entitled “The Kurdish issue and how to solve it”. The Shaikh was invited to the conference, but he could not attend in person, so Shaikh Riboar Ahmad gave the speech on his behalf.
60- Interview of Four Episodes
Mr. Faisal Ibrahim interviewed the Shaikh in Sulaymaniyah, on the TV Program “Events and Historiography”. In the four sections of the interview he talked about stages in his life, especially the armed and civil struggle, as well as intellectual, political and social topics.
All episodes can be watched on the following link:
61- Speech in Opposition to Egyptian Military Coup
The Islamic Group and the Islamic Union organized a massive meeting on August 17, 2013 in Erbil, where Dr Ali Qurdaghi, Shaikh Ali Bapir, and Mr Mohammad Farag gave speeches in support of the Islamists opposing the military coup in Egypt. The Al-Jazeera Channel broadcast the three speeches live.
Shaikh Ali Bapir’s speech can be watched on the following link:
62- TV Interview
The Alshrqia News TV Channel interviewed the Shaikh in Erbil on February 27, 2014, on the TV program “Limited Edition”. In the two part interview the Shaikh talked about various issues in the fields of thought, politics, political movements, the reality of Muslim Nation and the situation at that time of the Islamic Current.
The interview can be watched on the following link:
63- Award of Medal
The Garmian Center for Referendum awarded Shaikh Ali Bapir a medal on April 5, 2014 for his efforts in the field of reform and re-conciliation between political parties in Kurdistan.
The ceremony can be watched on the following link:
64- Series of Lessons on Self-Affirmation
The Shaikh gave a series of lessons entitled “Proper Worship and Self-affirmation” on the Payam TV Channel on Ramadan 1st, 1435 A.H., corresponding to June 30, 2014. The lessons were composed of 30 episodes, broadcast over the 30 nights of Ramadan.
The lessons can be watched on the following link:
In 2014, the Shaikh visited Finland, Sweden and Norway, accompanied by Shaikh Abdul Sattar Majeed, and his son, Sharif, who traveled with them for medical treatment. The Shaikh held one or more conference in each of those countries. The most notable of these were those held in Turku, Finland, Stockholm, Västerås and Göteborg in Sweden, and Oslo in Norway. The visit lasted 10 days.
66- Term in the House of Representatives
During his term in the House of Representatives, lasting four years, from 2010 until 2014, the Shaikh moved constantly between Erbil and Baghdad. The Shaikh used his leisure time in this period to review and prepare the encyclopedia Islam as reflected in the Quran for publication, as well as giving lectures in Kurdish on his interpretation of the Quran under the heading, “Interpretation of the Holy Quran”.
67-Meeting with Prominent Figures, Baghdad
While the Shaikh was in Baghdad as a representative in the House of People from 2010 to 2014 he, more than once, met with the following figures, among many others:
1- The President of the Republic, Mr Jalal Talabani;
2-The Prime Minister, Mr Nouri al-Maliki;
3- Mr Ammar al-Hakim;
4- Dr Ibrahim al-Jaafari, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs;
5- Shaikh Ibrahim al-Neamaa;
6- The Speaker of the Parliament, Mr Osama al-Nujaifi;
7- Dr Ahmad Chalabi;
8- Dr Naji Shalgam, Representative of the Arab League in Iraq.
68- Participation in MERI
The Shaikh participated in the MERI (Middle East Research Institute) by giving a speech in Arabic on “The transitional state in the Middle East: Necessity for dialogue and reconciliation” on November 6, 2014, following an invitation from MERI. The speech was later published, along with another speech titled “A concise speech on the situation in Iraq”.
The text of the speech can be read on the following link:
69- Interview of Three Episodes
The Baghdad TV Channel interviewed the Shaikh on the TV Program “Familiar Events” in Erbil on March 7, 2015. The interviewer was Mr Nidaa Zaqzouq, who highlighted stages in the biography of the Shaikh, as well as exploring with him various political, social, and pedagogical topics.
The three episodes can be watched on the following link:
70- Conference: “Mosul is the Castle of Islam and Coexistence”
The Shaikh was invited by the Governor of Mosul to participate in a conference, “Mosul is the Castle of Islam and Coexistence”, in Erbil on March 25, 2015. He gave a speech in Arabic, which was later printed in a brochure entitled, “A concise speech on the situation in Iraq”.
The speech can be watched on YouTube from the following link:
71- Publication of Encyclopedia
The first edition of the encyclopedia, Islam as reflected in the Holy Quran, was published in eight volumes in early 2015 by al-Duha Publications and the Guraba Library.
72- Third Conference of the Islamic Group
The third conference of the Islamic Group was held in Erbil during the period from May 30 to June 1, 2015. The Shaikh was unanimously re-elected an Emir of the Group for the third time.
His speech can be watched on the following link:
On Ramadan 1st, 1436 A.H., corresponding to June 18, 2015, the Shaikh began a series of lessons on what constituted good morals. The thirty lessons were broadcast on the Payam TV Channel over the 30 nights of Ramadan.
The lessons can be watched on the following link:
74- 15th Kurdish National Conference
On September 25, 2015, the Shaikh was invited by the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) to participate in its Annual Conference where he gave a speech. The Shaikh, accompanied by Shaikh Abdul Sattar Madjid, traveled to Brussels, via Vienna and the Netherlands.
75- Second Edition of Encyclopedia
In 2016, the Shaikh began the publication of the second edition of the encyclopedia, Islam as reflected in the Holy Quran, in twelve volumes, published by Dar al-Hikma, London.
A debate titled “Kurdistan between Democracy and Secularism” was held on April 10, 2016 in Tawar Hall, Sulaymaniyah between Shaikh Ali Bapir and Mr Mala Bakhtiyar, the Chief of the Executive Body of the PUK Political Bureau, under the supervision of the Department of Humanities/Paris.
The debate was later printed as a book of the same title in 2016. It was translated into Arabic and publication is currently pending.
The debate can be watched on the following link:
77- Malatya, Turkey
On May 9, 2016, the Shaikh traveled to Malatya in Turkey, having been officially invited by the Mayor of Malatya to celebrate the translation of his book, Common Contemporary Issues, into Turkish and its publication by the Cera Foundation. The Shaikh was accompanied by Haj Farouq Ali and Haidar Muzfir.
More information about the visit can be found on the following link:
78- TV Interview
Mr Dana Mohammad interviewed the Shaikh from July 22, 2016 to May 1, 2017 on the Bel-Hikma TV program, over 20 sessions, entitled “We shall ponder the Quran to address our contemporary issues”. The episodes were broadcast on the Payam TV Channel, who are currently working on publishing a book of the episodes.
The link for all the episodes is:
79- 16th Kurdish National Conference
The 16th Conference of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) was held on September 30, 2016 in Brussels. The Shaikh had a speech he had written delivered on his behalf by Cordo Ahmad.
80- Forty-nine Lessons
The Shaikh gave a series of 49 lessons to approximately 100 brothers and sisters of cadres on a course held in the Center for Training and Development. The course title was “Islamic Thought between Revelation and Reality” and was held from October 2, 2016 to May 5, 2017 in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah.
All of the lectures can be downloaded from the following link:
The Egyptian journalist al-Sayed Abdul Fattah al-Sayed, Director of Cairo Center for Kurdish Studies, conducted a series of 33 interviews with the Shaikh, from September 14, 2016 to April 5-8, 2017. The interviews lasted for over 16 hours and were later published in a book titled, Key dialogues on contemporary issues in fields of thought, jurisprudence, the call to Allah, sociology and politics.
All of the interviews can be downloaded from the following link:
82- Speech in Defence of Muslims in Arakan Region, Burma
The Shaikh participated in a demonstration in Erbil on September 10, 2017 and gave a speech on the oppression suffered by Rohingya Muslims in Burma/Myanmar. The Shaikh provided information on Rohingya Muslims and illustrated the genocide to which they were being subjected by the Burmese regime. He noted that the United Nations had stated that the Rohingya are the most oppressed of all minorities in the entire world.
The speech can be watched on the following link:
83- 17th Kurdish National Conference
The Shaikh participated in the 17th Conference of the Kurdistan National Congress (KNK) held in the Netherlands on October 14, 2017 through a speech titled “Significant duties and actions of Kurdish People under the current circumstances”, which was delivered on his behalf by Shaikh Saman Rabati.
84- Referendum Article
On July 17, 2017 A.D., corresponding to Shawwal 23, 1438 A.H., the Shaikh wrote his first article about referendums under the headline “Referendum is a right, but must be done properly”. Many media Channels talked about parts of the article in their discussion programmes.
The article explained that a referendum was legitimate as long as its purpose was to achieve independence. However, in cases where a referendum was conducted without due preparation, care or attention, it would be a mistake that would result in serious negative consequences. He urged that any referendum should only occur when due preparations at both domestic and international levels had been made and appropriate co-ordination agreed with central government and relevant countries.
85- Second Referendum Article
On his Facebook page, the Shaikh published another article about the referendum titled “Territorial Issues between Yes and Now” on August 13, 2017 A.D., corresponding to Zul Qaeda 21, 1438 A.H.
The article explained that the problems of disputed territory would not be solved in the case of a “Yes” vote in the referendum, as one party had claimed. He also maintained that neither would these problems be resolved by a “No” vote, as another party had claimed.
86- Meeting with the National Union and
the Democratic Party
The Shaikh was the head of the delegation from the Islamic Group to discuss the referendum and its scheduling with the National Union on Monday, September 11, 2017. Given that the circumstances were not suitable, either internally or externally, the Shaikh repeatedly explained that it was inappropriate to hold the referendum at that time. There was a very real possibility that Kurds would not have an independent country during the referendum period and that, moreover, they would run the risk of territory being lost!
The Shaikh headed the delegation of the Islamic Group in a tripartite meeting with delegations from the National Union and the Democratic Party to discuss the referendum on September 12, 2017. The Shaikh insisted, in a meeting that lasted for 4 hours, on deferring the referendum in the Kurdistan Territory, declaring that the circumstances were not conducive to securing an acceptable process. The Shaikh explicitly voiced concerns over the decision to hold a referendum, the mechanism to be used, and expressed the view that the whole process was partisan in nature. He made known his opinion that the preparations for the referendum had been inadequate, and that the matter to be decided upon was far too important to be dealt with in such a way. However, he stated that he believed that those present had already made their minds up and would not be persuaded to change their stance.
The two meetings were held in the headquarters of the Political Bureau of the National Union.
87- TV Interview
The Rudaw TV Channel interviewed the Shaikh on contemporary issues in general, and the referendum in particular, on September 17, 2017. The Shaikh explicitly declared that although the Kurdistan People, whether in Southern Kurdistan, Northern Kurdistan, or in the east or in the west, have the right to decide their own fate and had the right to an independent country, the referendum was not well enough prepared and the decision to hold it had been made to further partisan agendas. He expressed the view that holding the referendum was wrong and he expected the outcome to be catastrophic.
In summary, the key points the Shaikh made are:
- Any miscalculated step would be negative for the Kurdish people.
- Decisions of individuals paled into insignificance when compared to the fate of Kurdish territory.
- In his view, the circumstances precluded the holding of a successful referendum.
The interview can be watched on the following link:
88- Referendum Participation
Despite his concerns, the Shaikh participated in the referendum in Erbil. He voted “Yes” for the sake of independence. Following his vote, he spoke to the media and emphasized that he had consistently criticized the decision to hold the referendum at this time and explained his objections, citing the circumstances surrounding the decision. However, he made it clear that in answer to the simple question, ‘Did he wish to see Kurdish independence?’ the answer was an unequivocal “Yes”. He went on to ask for Almighty Allah’s help to achieve the objective of the referendum, independence, and ensure that people were kept safe and secure during the process. He hoped that Allah would look favourably on Kurdish aspirations and support those seeking independence.
The voting process and the press conference can be watched on the following link:
89- Brief Word about the Referendum
On September 26, 2017 A.D., corresponding to Zul Qaeda 21, 1438 A.H., the Shaikh wrote a concise article as a response to those who criticized those voting “Yes” to independence in the referendum. The Shaikh re-iterated his criticism of both the mechanism and the timing of the referendum. The article was entitled, “No for unjust ruling and Yes for the independence of the people and the country”. Specifically Shaikh said:
“Those who cannot say “No” to unjust and corrupt rule or say “Yes” to independence for Kurdistan deserve pity, since rational man always stands with righteousness and always stands against falsehood. Moreover, rational man does not accept falsehood, nor reject righteousness under the pretext that he is against falsehood!”
90- Answering a Question
On August 22, 2017, on his Facebook page the Shaikh wrote an article titled “A concise answer to a question, ‘Why is the Group resentful?’” as an answer to Mr Massoud al-Barzani’s question and his failure to understand the reason behind the Group’s attitude towards him.
The Shaikh stated that the reason for the resentment of the Islamic Group of Mr Massoud al-Barzani, his party, and the status of the territory was not related to any personal animosity or even partisan matters, but was, rather, related to how the Democratic Party and the National Union had ruled the territory over the previous 26 years. Shaikh Ali Bapir’s contention was that their rule had not been just, there had been inappropriate and unfair application of the law, institutions had not been properly formed and, in consequence, individual rights were not guaranteed, nor was there any proper concern for humanitarian issues.
91- TV Interview
On September 31, 2017, the Shaikh was involved in a series of interviews titled “Writing and Memory” with Mr Bayond Umar, in which he talked about his books and intellectual works, purposes, motives and the circumstances surrounding his political life through related memories and stories. As of now, 16 episodes have been recorded, six of them related to an intellectual concept and titled “Abstract from Islam”.
The episodes can be viewed on the following link:
On October 31, 2017 A.D., corresponding to Saffar 11, 1439 A.H., the Shaikh wrote on his page an article titled “An advice to everyone”, which was later broadcast on October 28, 2017. The broadcast followed the defeat of August 16, 2017, which proved to be a great affliction that affected territory and resulted in the loss of control of almost half of the geographical area of the territory previously held.
The broadcast involved three calls, to the people, the political parties, and the central government, as well as an explanation of the reasons for the catastrophe. It highlighted the way to salvation and provided significant information that illuminated the way forward.
The conclusion confirmed that the referendum had failed to achieve its objectives. However, this did not mean that the Kurdish People should abandon their right to self-determination. The point is stressed that all Kurds must be aware that the right to decide their own fate might not be necessarily only reflected in the establishment of an independent State. Acceptable alternatives that provided genuine autonomy might come through a Federation or a Confederation.
Also, it should not be forgotten that there were other means to ensure that the legitimate aspirations of the people of Kurdistan could be met.
93- Baghdad to Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium
On Thursday, November 2, 2017, the Shaikh flew from Erbil Airport to Baghdad. From there he then traveled to Berlin on November 11, 2017 in order that his wife, Shukria, and his son, Sharif, could undergo medical treatment.
During his trip the Shaikh, in addition to ensuring that his wife and son received the treatment they needed, also held a seminar, “The problems that faces the Kurds in general and Kurdistan in particular”, in the Dersim Hall in Berlin on November 23, 2017.
The seminar can be watched on the following link:
He also paid a visit to the Embassy of Iraq in Berlin, where he met with the Ambassador, the Deputy Ambassador and Embassy employees.
While in Germany he took the opportunity to accept the hospitality of a number of friends and acquaintances in the German cities of Berlin, Rastenberg, Wuppertal, Gelsenkirchen and Cologne.
Before returning to Iraq he visited the Netherlands to meet with cadres and members of the Islamic Group in Apeldoorn, who had travelled from the Netherlands, Britain, Germany and France to meet him.
On the final leg of his visit, he held a meeting in Brussels with several figures from the KNK and was interviewed on the Sterk-TV Channel, November 26, 2017.
The interview can be read on the following link:
During an interview with Radio America, the Kurdish Division in Berlin, on the night of November 29, 2017, many questions were raised and the Shaikh noted that, “there was a vacancy in the position of the President of the territory, and hence, we removed a severe headache”.
The transcription of the interview can be read on the following link:
Upon his return to Baghdad, the Shaikh held several meetings on December 2, 3 and 4, 2017. Those in attendance included:
1- Dr Fuad Masum, the President of Iraq;
2- Salim al-Jabouri, the Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament;
3- Humam Hamoudi, the Leader of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council;
4- Ammar al-Hakim, the Secretary General of the National Wisdom Movement (Al-Hikma).
The main topic of discussion at those meetings was ways of addressing the outstanding issues between the Central Government and the Territory problems that had been exacerbated following the referendum on September 25, 2017.
94- Statement on Demonstrations
On the evening of December 20, 2017, the Shaikh held a press conference in Sulaymaniyah in which he spoke to the people of Kurdistan on the occasion of the demonstrations that were held in many cities in Kurdistan. The demonstrations resulted in an increase in tension and many victims were wounded, or killed, and many protestors arrested.
In his statement the Shaikh stressed a number of points, including the fact that the current crisis was the result of an accumulation of several crises and problems in the Territory, such as poverty, low wages and unemployment, which had caused anger amongst the population.
He pointed out that all kinds of civil struggle, such as sit-ins, strikes, marches, and demonstrations are perfectly legitimate rights for citizens of all levels of society, provided they are conducted in a civilized way. The onus, he declared, was on demonstrators to be careful not to deviate from civilized and accepted ways of protesting as. All parties would suffer in the event of violence.
He was insistent that the government had to address people’s genuine problems and grievances and must meet their demands where possible. He was also concerned that all security agencies must fulfil their responsibilities to keep demonstrators, and personal and government properties, safe.
The statement can be found on the following link:
95- Continuing Activities
The Shaikh has continued with his work beyond the endpoint of this book and, in particular, has devoted much of his time and energy to his interpretation of the Holy Quran in Kurdish. This he believes to be his most important work, following on from his encyclopedia, Islam as reflected in the Holy Quran.
On December 31, 2017 A.D., corresponding to Rabi› al-Thani 13, 1439 A.H., the Shaikh concluded his interpretation of Surat Al-Hajj in Part 17 of the Holy Quran.
- Abstract from Islam in light of al-Fatiha, First Edition (1984), Second Edition (2006).
- Let us be in service of the Quran, First Edition (2008), Second Edition (2015).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume I, al-Fatiha and al-Baqara, First Edition (2012).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume II, Aali Imran, First Edition/2012.
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume III, An-Nisaa, First Edition (2013).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume IV, Al-Ma’ida, First Edition (2014).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume V, Al-An’am, First Edition (2015).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume VI, Al-A’raf, First Edition (2016).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume VII, Al-Anfaal, First Edition (2016).
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume VIII, At-Tawba, First Edition (2017).
- Following the Sunnah of the Prophet, between hyperbole and aberration, First Edition (2015).
Islamic Belief and Thought:
- Conflict between Islam and Ideologies, First Edition (1985), Third Edition (2006).
- Intellectual Approach of Islamic Work, First Edition (1996).
- Interpretation of Sharia Assets and General Outline of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2001), Third Edition (2014), translated into Arabic.
- Common Contemporary Issues: A Realistic View and Legitimate Evaluation, First Edition (2002), Sixth Edition (2016), translated into Arabic, Turkish and Persian.
- Knowing Allah, the Faith, Islam, Islamic Facts of Islam are highlighted and falsehood of innovations are manifested, First Edition (2002), Second Edition (2009).
Encyclopedia: Islamic Faith and Doctrine in light of the Quran and The Sunnah, Six Volumes, First Edition (2006-2008), Second Edition (2016).
- Volume I: Definition of Islamic faith and doctrine.
- Volume II: Monotheism of Allah, our God and Creator.
- Volume III: Monotheism of Allah, His names and attributes.
- Volume IV: Belief in Allah, His Angels, Divine Books and Messengers.
- Volume V: Belief in the Day of Resurrection, Fate and Destiny.
- Volume VI: Characteristics and Opinions of the Followers of the Righteous Path.
- What is the Approach of the Prophet PBUH, First Edition (1989), which was later merged into “The Ideal Muslim: Part One: Muslim›s Doctrine”.
- The Ideal Muslim: Muslim›s Doctrine, First Edition (1997), which was later merged into “Islamic Faith and Doctrine”.
- Islamic and Secular Current, points of agreement and disagreement, First Edition (2008), Third Edition (2015) (the majority of which were published in 24 weekly episodes in al-Mowaten Weekly Newspaper and 9 weekly episodes in al-Mira’ah Weekly Newspaper.
- Interpretation of Sharia Assets and General Outline of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2012), Second Edition (2014).
- Kurdish Translation of Al-Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah Exposition, First Edition (2014).
- Explanation of Al-Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah, First Edition (2015), Third Edition (2017).
- Kurdistan Experience of Secularism and Democracy (Debate of the Year), First Edition (2016).
Encyclopedia: Islamic Worship, Four Volumes, First Edition (2000), Second Edition (2009)
- Volume I: Worship in general, controversial issues and sanctity.
- Volume II: Prayer is the first rite of worship.
- Volume III: Zakah and spending in the path of Allah.
- Volume IV: Hajj, Umrah and mentioning of Allah.
- Fundamental Rules in how the Wise Sharia addressed controversial sub-issues, First Edition (1999), translated into Arabic.
- Festivals and Occasions: Legitimate and Reasonable Assessment, First Edition (2013).
- Technical matters in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (2009), Second (2015), translated into Persian.
- Vital assets in fields of spending for the sake of Allah, First Edition (2013).
Affirmation of oneself, manners and morals:
- Importance of the mentioning of Allah in man’s life, First Edition (1987).
- The Path of Righteousness and the Way to Allah: Self-affirmation in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (1990), Fifth Edition (2012), translated into Arabic and Persian.
- Mosques in Kurdistan between construction and destruction, First Edition (1999).
- Repentance to Allah: turnout to Allah, abandoning sins and infractions, and radical change of oneself, First Edition (2001), Fifth Edition (2010).
- What are the characteristics and rank of a martyr?, First Edition (2002).
- A research on seeing Allah Almighty in the Worldly Life and the Hereafter, First Edition (2015).
- Spiritual Life: Proper Worship and Self-affirmation, First Edition (2015).
- Encyclopedia: Islamic manners and behavior in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (2016).
Islamic call and action:
- Party of Allah, First Edition (1988).
- Characteristics of Muslim Peshmerga, or Jihadi Muslim, First Edition (1988), Third Edition (1998).
- Disease and Cure of the Islamic Movement, First Edition (1990).
- Islamic Movement, Survival and Annihilation, First Edition (1993).
- Islamic Movement and a New Phase, First Edition (1994).
- Directions to the Muslim Kurds, First Edition (1997).
- Bright Prospects for Islamic Movement: Legitimate Assets and Moral Bases, First Edition (1997).
- Current issues as discussed in Islam, First Edition (1998).
- Islamic Scholars and their characteristics, First Edition (2002), Third Edition (2011), translated into Arabic.
- Islamic Group: Goals and Positions, First Edition (2002).
- How to deal with people, First Edition (2002), translated to Arabic.
- How to understand Jihad, First Edition (1998).
- Notes and alerts on the Jihad for the sake of Allah, First Edition (2002).
- Not to be harmed from our Jihad, First Edition (2002).
- What is the meaning and purpose of Jihad for the sake of Allah, First Edition (2002).
- Directions to our brothers in diaspora, First Edition (2002).
- Islam and Political Work in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (2006).
- Alliance in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (2009).
- Participation in elections and the Parliament, reasonable and legitimate evaluation, First Edition (2009), Second Edition (2013).
- Overruling extreme ideas and actions of ISIS, First Edition (2015), Second Edition (2017), translated into Persian.
- Deviations and crimes of ISIS must not let us doubt Islam, First Edition (2015), translated into Persian.
- Extremism: definition and characteristics of extremists, reasons and consequences of extremism, elimination of extremism, First Edition (2015), translated into Persian.
Series: Sharia Assets and General Outline of the Islamic Community
- “Episode I: Legitimate evidence for the establishment of the Islamic Community”, First Edition (2001).
- “Episode II and III: The ruling on the removal of Muslim Caliphs and Rulers because of injustice and deviation”, First Edition (2001).
- “Episode IV: The Fatwa of Shaikh Abu Bassir: Legitimate and Reasonable Assessment”, First Edition (2001).
Speeches in the Conferences of the Islamic Community
- “Islamic work and project” – Given at first conference of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2005), Second Edition (2006).
- “Faithful, Intellectual and Political Approach of the Islamic Community” – Given at the second conference of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2010).
- “A glimpse of our domestic and foreign situation” – Given at the third conference of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2016), Kurdish Nationalism.
- “Why Kurdistan was destroyed and how could it be rebuilt”, First Edition (1989).
- “The ruling on the recourse to the tyrant regimes”, First Edition (1990), Second Edition (2005).
- “National passion and thought in light of Islam”, First Edition (1990), Third Edition (2005).
- “A solution to the Kurds Problems between faith and the Parliament”, First Edition (1992).
Politics and Ruling
- “Current political issues in light of reason and revelation”, First Edition (2010).
Islam and the State, Four Volumes, First Edition (2014-2016)
- Volume I: Political Entity in Islam: Evidences and answers, how it is established, its intellectual basis and nature, and terminology.
- Volume II: Fundamentals of governance in Islam.
- Volume III: The three powers, legislative, executive and judicial authorities.
- Volume IV: Non-Muslims in Islamic Society and State.
- An Islamic overview of our reality, First Edition (2017).
Woman and Family
- Muslim Kurdish Woman: Sharia Rights and Duties of Muslim Kurdish Woman, First Edition (2003).
- Encyclopedia: Woman and Family in the Sharia, Volume I: First Edition (2002), Volume I and II: Third Edition (2013).
- Abstract of the Biography of the Prophet PBUH, lessons and examples, First Edition (2009), Third Edition (2013).
- Milestones of my early life “Memories”, Part One: 1961-1991, First Edition (2015).
- Events of my life, Abstract of work and activities, First Edition (2017), translated into Arabic, Kurdish and English.
Interviews and Briefings
- “Do not transgress the borders” – Interview with Dr Hussein Mohammad Aziz, First Edition (2001), Second Edition (2004).
- “Torture and Imprisonment, A Peshmerga who spent 22 months in prison of the occupier”, First Edition (2005), Third Edition (2009), translated into Arabic, Persian and English.
- “Youth in contemporary concepts”, First Edition (2010).
Series: Current Topics
- “Our youth between originality and imitation (1)”, First Edition (2006), translated into Persian.
- “Moral collapse is affecting our society, so beware! (2)”, First Edition (2002), Second Edition (2006).
- “Damages we suffer if we alienate women from Islam (3)”, First Edition (2007).
- “How to become a role model and how to found a fan base? (4)”, First Edition (2007).
- “Clarification on Islamic Politics (5)”, First Edition (2007).
- “Fundamental Bases of public speaking (6)”, First Edition (2006), translated into Persian.
- “Sharia Students, notes and instructions (7)”, First Edition (2007).
- “Manners are the standard of adherence to Islamic morality (8)”, First Edition (2007).
- “The Call to Allah, what is it and how it could be achieved, its purpose and who must call to Allah? (9)”, First Edition (2007), translated into Persian.
- “How should students be in this reality, and what are their duties? (10)”, First Edition (2008).
- “The reality of Kurdistan: an Islamic overview (11)”, First Edition (2008).
- “The nature and pillars of the family, and the question of polygamy in light of the Sharia and reason (12)”, First Edition (2009).
- “Islamic Action and eliminating the fogs of uncertainty (13)”, First Edition (2011).
- “Evaluation of the Issue of apostasy from Islam (14)”, First Edition (2011).
- “Interpretation of Al-Mullah Al-Kabir Al-Kawi: Concise explanation (15)”, First Edition (2011).
- “Evaluation of the existence or non-existence of overruling in the Quran (16)”, First Edition (2012).
- “How Allah afflicts His worshippers?! (17)”, First Edition (2003), Second Edition (2012).
- “Directions to our brothers in diaspora (18)”, First Edition (2012).
- “Um Mohammad: A strong woman and a good wife (19)”, First Edition (2012).
- “Youth and Spiritual Crisis (20)”, First Edition (2017).
- “Life in light of faith and rebutting suspicions (21)”, First Edition (2017).
Encyclopedia: Islam as reflected in the Holy Quran: Eight Volumes, First Edition (2015). The Second Edition is composed of Twelve Volumes, as follows:
- Volume I: Islam: A proper knowledge of the Creator and the Creation, Second Edition (2016).
- Volume II: Definition of Faith, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume III: Faith in Allah Almighty, The Creator, The Sovereign Lord, The Lord, His Names and Attributes, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume IV: Faith in the Angels and in the Jinn, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume V: Faith in the Holy Quran, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume VI: The Holy Quran, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume VII: Faith in the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume VIII: A summary of the Biography of the Prophet and Evidences of the Prophecy, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume IX: Man is guided by Allah, or individual adherence to the Sharia of Allah, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume X: Community adherence to the Sharia of Allah, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume XI: How the Society should apply the Sharia and Characteristics of the State in Islam, Second Edition (2017).
- Volume XII: Islam: An Islamic view of relationships among people, Second Edition (2017).
- Refuting the Ideas of Extremists, First Edition (2016, London); Refuting Extremism and Ideas of Extremists, Second Edition (2017, Cairo).
- “Guest and Interview” – An interview with Al-Arabiya Channel, First Edition (2006).
- “Special Interview” – An interview with Al-Alam News Network, First Edition (2006).
- A brief word on the current events in Iraq, First Edition (2016).
- The Path of Righteousness and the Way to Allah: Self-affirmation in light of the Quran and the Sunnah, First Edition (2012).
- A prince behind the bars, First Edition (2006), Second Edition (2009).
- Common Contemporary Issues, Second Edition (2014).
- Fundamental Rules in how the Wise Sharia addressed controversial sub-issues, First Edition (2011).
- Islamic Scholars and their characteristics, First Edition (2005).
- Sharia Assets and General Outline of the Islamic Community, First Edition (2012).
- How to deal with people?
Books Pending Printing
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume IX, Surat Yunus.
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume X, Surat Hud.
- Interpretation of the Holy Quran, Volume XI, Surat Yusuf.
Encyclopedia: Islamic Thought in light of the Revelation, Reality and Peace (Five Volumes):
- Volume I: Explanation of the Concept and Approach of Islamic Thought.
- Volume II: Outlines of the Approach of the Majority of Muslim Scholars.
- Volume III: Political and Intellectual Currents in the History of the Muslims.
- Volume IV: Origins of Islamic Thought.
- Volume V: A Variety of Contemporary Intellectual Issues.
- “Debates on Current Issues, in fields of thought, jurisprudence, the call to Allah and politics” – An interview in Arabic.
- The Approach of the Messenger of Allah PBUH: Definition, Significance and Necessity.