Ten Notes on Corona-virus Outbreak
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Ten Notes on Corona-virus Outbreak
Protecting yourself from infectious diseases and miseries is the enormous responsibility of every Muslim. The healthy and brilliant minds adopt protective measures against any undesirable consequences. It is clear that whatever the mind and science (provided they are pure and proper) consider beneficial, the Sharia will also deem them as beneficial and endorse the required action. As Allah Almighty has instructed the believers to take precautionary measures and be careful as He says, “O you who have believed, take your precaution.” Quran, An-Nisa 4:71
(يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا خُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ) النساء:71.
- Corona-virus officially known as (COVID-19) is a viral infection, and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mentioned these kind of diseases in a number of his Hadiths. He commands the Muslims to take necessary steps in order to prevent the spread of epidemics and infectious diseases, as he (PBUH) said,
A- “The cattle (sheep, cows, camels, etc.) suffering from a disease should not be mixed up with healthy cattle, (or said: “Do not put a patient with a healthy person ). ” (as a precaution).” (Narrated by Bukhari: 5437, Muslim: 2221).
B- “One should run away from the leper as one runs away from a lion.” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari: 5380 and Ahmad: 9720).
Any behavior that leads to the spread of epidemics and diseases is considered a grave injustice and a serious crime, and we can present a great number of convincing evidences in this field, for example:
A – Allah Almighty says, “And cause not corruption upon the earth after its reformation.” Quran, Surah Al-A’raf, -85,56-.
(وَلَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَاحِهَا…) الأعراف -85،56-
B – The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) also says,“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm.”
(Narrated by Malik at Al-Muwatta: 2171, and Al-Daraqutni and Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih).
4- In Islam, the religious and worldly gatherings and meetings considered to be fundamentally permissible, but this verdict undergoes alteration in the event of fear of spreading epidemics and infectious diseases. In addition, this permissibility transformed into prohibition as the situation becomes more intense and risky because Halal and Haram both are correspondingly applied to the means of performing an act and its objectives. There is no difference in this regard between Salah (prayer) and other activities of Muslims.
The Governmental institutions should look carefully and cautiously in such situations, so that they do not adopt a policy of double standards. If protective measures include closing mosques, which are places of worship and gaining good deeds and purity, then these measures should also be enforced on the other places that are hotbeds of epidemics and diseases such as wine bars, betting shops, and hookah restaurants. Additionally, the previous mentioned places should be closed even in normal conditions.
5- Allah the Almighty commands us as following, “So ask the knowledgeable people if you do not know.” Quran, Surah An-Nahl 16:43 – Quran, Surah AlAnbiyaa 21:7. Therefore, in any area, It is imperative that we should consult the specialists and experts. In the field of combating Corona-virus and preventing its spread, we must properly seek advice from the doctors and experts of that field. Furthermore, taking their sayings and warnings is obligatory on every Muslim. Violating the warnings is regarded as a sin under any pretext or any excuse.
6- The Five Pillars of Islam are Shahada (profession of faith), Salat (Prayer), Zakat (Almsgiving), Sawm (Fasting) and Hajj (Pilgrimage) but Islam is too broad to be confined to the five Pillars. Hence, anyone who organizes any gathering under the pretext of performing Salat al-jama‘ah (Congregational Prayer) or Friday prayer, which causes the spread of the Corona-virus to be more dangerous, let him know that he is committing a sin and bearing the guilt of anyone who gets sick or faces death due to the virus.
7 – Using Qadar (Divine Decree), as a excuse for ignoring the preventive measures as explained by the doctors and experts, is a proof that the one who adopts that view does not possess a comprehensive and proper understanding of Islam because Allah’s Divine Decree completely covers all things and conditions.
In other words, Allah’s Qadar covers both the person who stays healthy due to taking protective measures and the person who gets infected due to negligence. Therefore, the real Muslim always seeks to get rid of evils and achieve good thing since both are part of Divine Decree as Omar bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said, ““I am fleeing from the Qadar of Allah unto another Qadar of Allah.” (Narrated by Bukhari: 5397). He said the aforementioned when he traveled to the Levant and heard the spread of plague there. After consultation, he resolved to return and not to enter the country as a person said to him “Are you fleeing from the Qadar of Allah?!” And Omar responded, “I am fleeing from the Qadar of Allah to another Qadar of Allah.”.
8- We hear some rumors concerning Corona-virus from those who hold a superficial understanding of Islam. These rumors indicate their limited understanding of Islam. For example, they made the below statements:
-“The Muslims does not infect the Corona-virus!”
-“Whoever dies as a result of infectious disease, he/she is a martyr!”
Such statements are basically inaccurate. It is true that if a Muslim protects himself against Corona-virus, he will not get infected with the virus. But taking precautionary measures against the virus also works for the non-Muslims. Similarly negligent Muslims or irresponsible non-Muslims suffer from the Corona-virus. It is Allah’s law in the universe and it is all-inclusive.
In Islam, martyrdom is a special position gained by the believers, but martyrdom does not get along with the previous statements. In other words, some people may neglect protective measures against Corona-virus as an excuse to obtain martyrdom but this entirely unacceptable and those individuals should subject themselves to quarantine and take other necessary actions.
9- There is no doubt that protecting citizens and society against the mentioned epidemic and other epidemics is the duty of everyone, not just the government and its institutions.
It is worthy to express my deep appreciation for the efforts made by the government, the Ministry of Health, media networks, all organizations, committees, personalities and citizens, those who made hard efforts and heroic endeavors for the protection and safety of people, hoping that they will continue in their efforts, especially since the epidemic appears to be at its beginning stage and it is not over yet.
10- Finally, I call on people to take significant steps in order to protect themselves against the Corona-virus since commitment to protection and staying healthy is part of Sharia Law and being a Muslim. Furthermore, let’s preserve the tranquility of our hearts and the peace of our souls, as this would protect and fortify the immunity system. And fear and anxiety will only harm us.
I leave you in the hands of Allah; the Ultimate Protector Whose Trust is never lost.
19th Rajab 1441 AH
14th March 2020 AD